Why I Should Attend?
Congress passed the Tribal Law and Order Act (TLOA), Public Law 111-211, on July 29, 2010, to provide authority and funding for tribal nations to enhance their tribal justice systems. TLOA was intended to clarify the responsibilities of federal, state, tribal and local governments with regard to crimes in Indian Country. It was intended to allow for increased coordination among service providers. Its objectives are to reduce violent crimes in Indian Country, combat sexual and domestic violence against Native women; and to prevent drug trafficking and reduce rates of alcohol and drug addiction in Indian Country. It increases and standardizes the collection of criminal data, and for sharing this information among law enforcement agencies.
TLOA takes a comprehensive approach at addressing the shortfalls by setting up accountability measures for federal agencies responsible for investigating and prosecuting reservation crime; and by providing tribal nations with additional tools to combat crime.
Some provisions of TLOA include: increasing tribal court sentencing authority to 3 years; requiring federal prosecutors to maintain data on criminal declinations and to share evidence to support prosecution; requires transparency on public spending by BIA; increased sexual assault training and standardized protocols for handling sex crimes; authorizing deputization of Special Assistant U.S. Attorneys to prosecute reservation crimes in Federal courts; increases deputization of tribal and state police to enforce Federal laws; authorizes Drug Enforcement Agency to deputize tribal police to assist on-reservation drug raids; increases training for BIA and tribal police; authorizes tribal access to criminal history records; and provides for programmatic reauthorization to strengthen tribal courts, police departments, correctional centers; and programs to prevent and treat alcohol and substance abuse.
Who Should Attend?
This course is designed for tribal elected officials, law and order committees, tribal judges, court advocates, public defenders, tribal courts staff, tribal attorneys, law enforcement personnel, etc. Federal officials with responsibility for crime and social programs in Indian Country will also benefit from this course.
What Will I Learn?
You will get a comprehensive overview of TLOA and gain special insight on the steps taken by Federal agencies and other tribes to implement and comply with TLOA. You will learn:
- The fundamentals of the Indian Civil Rights Act.
- A historical perspective and review of specific provisions of TLOA.
- An introduction to tribal criminal justice systems, their purposes and processes.
- The TLOA Long Term Plan to Build and Enhance Tribal Justice Systems.
- How to Implement Criminal Provisions (Defendants’ Rights and Enhanced Sentencing) of TLOA.
- Interagency Memoranda of Agreements and Tribal Action Plans.
- What other Tribes are doing (have done) to Implement the Criminal Provisions of TLOA.